As world a is shifting in the direction of the extra digitized future with increasingly more on info and communication know-how, web entry has more and more acknowledged as a necessary ingredient for social and financial development. The availability of important providers like healthcare, schooling, commerce and others now all rely on trendy ICT. Regardless of this rising utilization and acceptance, acceptance, rising nations are nonetheless struggling to findaffordable and sustainable methods to supply entry to digital providers to all.The availability of important providers like healthcare, schooling, commerce and others now all rely on trendy ICT Pakistan is without doubt one of the nations that’s striving exhausting to beat the digital divide by offering broadband service all through the nation, particularly in distant areas. Pakistan like India, Malaysia, Morocco and Turkey has created profitable ICT/broadband packages that serve 1000’s of residents by creating common service insurance policies applied by a devoted group, Common Service Fund (USF). The USF Idea The elemental idea of common service is to make sure that telecommunication providers are accessible to everybody. The elemental idea of common service is to make sure that telecommunication providers are accessible to everybody There are three principal options behind this idea. Availability: The identical stage of service is obtainable to everybody, in every single place, with out geographical discrimination. Affordability: The worth shouldn’t be an element to restrict entry to providers for all customers. Accessibility: All subscribers needs to be handled in a nondiscriminatory method, and high quality service provision needs to be ensured all over the place, with out distinction of race, intercourse, faith, and so on. There isn’t any exhausting and quick rule for USFs work. Sometimes, funds are collected by contributions made by telecom service suppliers. In many of the nations, these funds are raised within the type of a levy based mostly on a proportion of annual working revenues. Though in some nations USF charge is portioned from the general regulatory charge, full or partial proceeds from spectrum auctions or licensing charge, direct contributions from authorities budgets, contributions from worldwide companies such because the World Financial institution, regional growth banks, and so on. USF Pakistan To advertise telecommunication and unfold the advantages of telecom revolution throughout the nation, the Ministry of IT and Telecom established the Common Service Fund in late 2016. The fund consists of contributions by the Telecom Operators. The MNOs contribute 1.5 per cent of their adjusted revenues whereas, the federal government affords no funding for USF. There’s an impartial Board of Administrators equally balanced between 4 members from the federal government and 4 from the non-public sector. The MNOs contribute 1.5 per cent of their adjusted revenues whereas, the federal government affords no funding for USF Whereas the CEO is the ninth director of the Board. All licensed operators contributing to USF are eligible to use for all USF Contracts, together with Particular Tasks. All licensed operators contributing to USF are eligible to use for all USF Contracts, together with Particular ProjectsThe contracts are awarded utilizing “unfavourable public sale” the place the bid for the bottom quantity of subsidy wins the contract. USF Achievements The first purpose of USF is to unfold ICT providers to unserved and underserved areas of the nation and assist cellular operators to develop their providers to far-flung areas. USF has distributed its focus areas into the next projectsBroadband for Sustainable Growth Program Subsequent Era – Broadband for Sustainable Growth Program NG-BSD for Nationwide Highways & Motorways Optic fiber program Apart from these main ICT tasks, USF has additionally initiated a number of particular tasks to make an impression on the grass-root stage and empower the plenty to participate within the ongoing digital revolution and rework their lives. The particular tasks embrace the institution of telecenters, introduction of providers for folks with disabilities, creation of laptop labs in establishments and telemedicine networks, and ICT for Ladies tasks. USF, in collaboration with service operators, has to this point put in 1159 BTS in 7116 areas to supply telecom providers to the unserved Mauzas throughout the nation USF, in collaboration with service operators, has to this point put in 1159 BTS in 7116 areas to supply telecom providers to the unserved Mauzas throughout the nation whereas making the availability of 3G providers obligatory. Whereas on the similar time, USF additionally ensured voice and broadband knowledge providers on the unserved patches on the Nationwide Highways and Motorways. USF has related 56 tehsils and 26 cities by 6447 km-long fiber optic cable networkA distinctive characteristic of NG-BSD for Nationwide Highways & Motorways program is Nationwide Roaming whereby a commuter will get steady providers in USF served areas, regardless of their subscribed networks. USF has additionally related 56 tehsils and 26 cities by 6447 km-long fiber optic cable community. Room for enchancment Regardless of the federal government and personal sector’s exhaustive efforts, teledensity in Pakistan stays lower than 80% whereas 3G/4G penetration and broadband penetration stays 35% and 36% respectively. Pakistan remains to be on the backside within the World Connectivity Index and much behind different nations in digital innovation and entrepreneurship, which exhibits that Pakistan has nonetheless an extended method to go. The efforts at the moment made by the federal government and the trade gamers are one way or the other nonetheless not sufficient. The USF Pakistan continues to gather funds from cellular operators for over a decade now. Nonetheless, its efficiency is on no account proportional to the digital revolution occurring within the nation now. Common Service Fund must play a extra energetic position on this entire revolution and higher put together for the long run. The USF Pakistan continues to gather funds from cellular operators for over a decade now. Nonetheless, its efficiency is on no account proportional to the digital revolution occurring within the nation now There are a number of issues that USF can do on this regard. USF ought to develop its tasks and construction its underlying authorized and regulatory frameworks to make sure that insurance policies and parameters might be modified shortly and successfully to accommodate the necessity for a brand new USF imaginative and prescient and reply to quickly altering and evolving priorities. The general idea of social and digital inclusion shouldn’t be ignored. It needs to be ensured that no group, group or space lacks entry to info and communication applied sciences. USF mustn’t solely work with non-public colleges, schools and universities, nevertheless it ought to collaborate with non-public sector establishments as effectively. Along with that, hospitals, libraries, and authorities places of work must also be upgraded by trendy know-how to make sure that far-flung areas of the nation are additionally added in digital inclusion. Clear and well-defined targets needs to be set, and goal needs to be achieved by transparency and visibility. Growing transparency and accountability will enhance dedication from all stakeholders. Apart from offering accessibility to the telecommunication applied sciences, additionally it is important to conduct focused and complete coaching and different instructional programmes designed to make sure self-sufficiency in areas such because the operation of telecentres. Greater than the rest, USF must improve its monetary mechanism. A rising variety of governments wish to guarantee that almost all of the inhabitants has entry to high-speed broadband at cheap charges. To attain that, the federal government must be greater than only a watchdog. It ought to make monetary contributions within the fund and entry to nationwide, regional or native infrastructure, rights of method, and so on. USF must also workforce up with numerous related companies and different social companions and stakeholders to interact in public schooling boards and different info dissemination measures. It will profit the final inhabitants and promote understanding of the advantages of the varied applied sciences. The world is technologically shifting forward at a swift tempo the creation of USFs has turn into a necessary requirement to attain common entry. However what’s much more necessary is to develop and replace the common service insurance policies past conventional telecommunication providers and help ICT packages that propagate using trendy know-how as effectively. Packages that characteristic a mix of PCs and different digital gadgets, broadband connections, and localized content material and providers may give residents in even probably the most rural and distant areas entry to higher schooling, healthcare, social help, and financial alternatives This fashion, rising nations like Pakistan can reap monumental advantages and produce radical socio-economic change within the nation. Packages that characteristic a mix of PCs and different digital gadgets, broadband connections, and localized content material and providers may give residents in even probably the most rural and distant areas entry to higher schooling, healthcare, social help, and financial alternatives. USF is a wonderful device by which telecom operators and authorities can obtain the stated objective. It will profit the folks however the authorities and operators in the long term as effectively. A win-win scenario for all.